Position Papers

National Marine Sanctuaries in the Great Lakes

Tuesday, August 2nd, 2016

National marine sanctuaries have been and should continue to be developed in a way that does not undermine other lawful beneficial uses of the Great Lakes.

It is the policy of the United States¹ to, among other objectives:

Support sustainable, safe, secure, [...] Continue reading

Vessel Incidental Discharge Act

Wednesday, July 27th, 2016

When promulgating their final rule on the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination Act (NPDES) in May 1973, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) specifically excluded “a discharge incidental to the normal operations of a vessel” (38 Fed. Reg. at 13,528, [...] Continue reading

Jones Act

Sunday, July 17th, 2016

The Jones Act (Section 27, Merchant Marine Act, 1920) requires cargo moving between U. S. ports be carried in vessels that are U. S.-crewed, -built and -owned. Although the law dates from 1920, legislation to promote a U.S.-flag fleet was [...] Continue reading

Adequate Icebreaking Resources

Wednesday, July 13th, 2016

The U.S. Coast Guard Cutter MACKINAW leads a U.S.-flag laker through heavy ice. Photo courtesy United States Coast Guard.

An Executive order signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936 charges the U.S. Coast Guard with breaking ice on U. [...] Continue reading

Second Poe-Sized Lock

Wednesday, July 13th, 2016

The Water Resources Development Act of 2007 directs the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to build a second Poe-sized lock at Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, at full Federal expense. The “Soo Locks” connect Lake Superior to the lower Great Lakes [...] Continue reading

Dredging Crisis

Wednesday, July 13th, 2016

Each foot of available draft means the ship is leaving behind cargo. The largest lakers forfeit almost 3,200 tons of cargo of each foot of reduced draft.

Years of inadequate funding for dredging have left an estimated 17 million cubic [...] Continue reading